Types of Dog Cancer and Their Severity

Cancer is one of those diseases that are widespread in animals. From birds, mammals, and reptiles, every species in the animal kingdom may get affected by cancer. In some animals, cancer develops and affects similar to humans. When speaking of dogs, various types of cancer may affect them. In dogs, cancer could be either severe or invasion. In both cases, timely medical intervention from the animal medical center Virginia Beach VA is necessary. Different types of cancer have different effects on the body. It has been noted that different types of cancer may have similar signs at first—the chances of defeating cancer increase if it is diagnosed and detected early. 

In this blog, we have compiled a list of different types of cancer that affects dogs.

  1. Malignant Lymphoma

Malignant lymphoma cancer is commonly diagnosed in dogs. This particular type of cancer affects the lymphatic system in dogs. In some dogs, lymphoma cancer may result in the enlargement of lymph nodes in the body. Cancer can also affect the internal organs and the eyes. 

While dogs of any breed can get affected by lymphoma, certain dog breeds are at higher risk of developing lymphoma. These breeds are basset hounds, golden retrievers, saint bernards, boxers, Airedale terriers, bulldogs, Scottish terriers, and bullmastiffs. The genetic construction of these dog breeds makes them vulnerable to lymphoma. 

There is specially designed chemotherapy for the treatment of lymphoma in dogs. The treatment may last up to six months and involves weekly chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is one of the best treatments for lymphoma in dogs and enables them to live a quality life. 

  • Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer in dogs. At the beginning of osteosarcoma, cancer may appear as a tumour on any long bones in the body. However, cancer may affect other bones as well. This is one of the most aggressive cancers that spread rapidly to the bones, lymph nodes, and lungs. Most dogs suffering from osteosarcoma have to get amputated to curb the spread of cancer. The treatment is followed by chemotherapy. Vets at pet care Virginia Beach may suggest radiation therapy for some dogs. Unfortunately, cancer can recur after some time. Most dogs diagnosed with bone cancer have two to three years left after the treatment. Dogs like Mastiffs and Great Danes are most affected by osteosarcoma.

  • Hemangiosarcoma

Hemangiosarcoma is cancer that occurs in the heart, liver, or spleen and affects the lining of the blood vessels. In some cases, cancer may appear on the skin as well. Hemangiosarcoma is hard to detect until there are any complications due to the rupture of the tumor. 

If the splenic tumors rupture, they can lead to bleeding. If the bleeding is severe, rush your dog to the animal medical center Virginia Beach VA for emergency surgery. Sadly, this aggressive cancer is diagnosed in dogs when it has progressed into the advanced stage. 

The veterinarians usually perform surgery to remove the tumour or reduce its size. Chemotherapy is also a part of the treatment. The severity and the stage of cancer affect the survival time for the dogs affected by cancer. Even with proper treatment, most dogs don’t live long. Dog breeds like Labrador retrievers and golden retrievers are at higher risk of suffering from hemangiosarcoma.